Previously, 3D printing technology in the automotive industry was mainly used by car manufacturers to create car prototypes to check their shape and suitability. Now? The automotive industry is facing various demands, such as higher demand for design updates and performance, as well as the need to optimize production, simplify supply chain and logistics, and 3D printing can help meet these challenges.
1. For design;
2. Direct fabrication of structurally complex parts;
3. Production of lightweight structural parts on automobiles;
4. Customize special workpieces and testing instruments;
5. Production of vehicle model.
3d printer application in the automotive industry
1. Rapid Prototyping
The main advantage of 3D printing in automotive design is the rapid availability of prototypes in the pre-manufacturing phase, development at a faster rate than ever before, from mass production to individual components. Thereby, any troubles caused by infringement of intellectual property rights and information leakage are minimized, and the prototype design within the company is maintained.
2. Shorter design cycle
The prototyping phase is greatly shortened and time to market is also accelerated. This adds enormous business value to the enterprise in terms of cost reduction and increased flexibility.
3. Reduce costs
The time and resources of each link of production are saved, and the total production cost is reduced. Reducing costs at all levels allows companies to pass on some of the cost reduction benefits to end users.
4. Increase the flexibility of design/production/supply chain
3D printing tries multiple options and iterations during the car development phase, resulting in an optimal and efficient car design. Manufacturers have the flexibility to change designs, helping them align with market demands and stay ahead of the competition.
1. Design level
Traditionally, when designing a car, planners start with drawings, and then use design software to make the conceptual car shape into accurate data and 3D models. If you don't have 3D printing skills, the next step is clay modeling. Like a carpenter, the designer must first make the skeleton of the car by beating and beating, and then, like a mason, mix talcum powder, petroleum jelly, and industrial wax to make putty, and then apply it to the skeleton layer by layer. Finally, like an artist, scrape out the shape of the clay, make the final model, and see what the actual shape of the model on the drawing paper and computer is. This process is still a process in the handicraft era, which is time-consuming and labor-intensive.
With 3D printing technology, planners only need to input the 3D model made by the computer into the 3D printer, and the 3D printer can quickly print out the clay model in 3D, which can greatly improve the efficiency and enter the information age in one step. Not only the car body shell, but also various parts in the car, such as the shift handle, instrument panel, glove box, door handle, etc., have a process from computer to real object.
Using 3D printing technology, engineers realize the model planning on the computer, and designers can obtain the physical printing model in just a few minutes, and then every professional in the entire development team can modify it on the basis of the printing model, and Instantly share the improvement of the design scheme with other people in the team, realize "what you see is what you get", and greatly increase the efficiency of car design.
2. Development level
The biggest advantage of 3D printing technology is that it can produce high-precision and complex-looking parts conveniently and quickly, and the trolley has many high-precision parts with complex shapes. For high-end cars with relatively small batches that cannot meet the mold opening plan, 3D printing can also directly produce some materials to meet the needs of parts and reduce costs, such as some parts of F1 racing cars, luxury cars, and supercars.
For parts that need to be produced in large quantities, 3D printing may not be applicable due to material and cost reasons. However, 3D printing can produce application parts, especially some parts with very complex shapes, high precision requirements, and repeated debugging. 3D printing can quickly produce the most suitable parts to ensure that the finalized production is the selection of the best parts, and the resulting advantages are to improve the overall development efficiency, shorten the time to market cycle, and reduce time and cost.
In summary, 3D printing technology can greatly reduce the cost of car development and manufacturing, improve work efficiency, and reduce the development time of new models and new parts. These will be reflected in the price and quality of cars, with better quality and better technology. Perfect and cheaper cars will appear due to the popularization of 3D printing technology, and consumers will also benefit from it.